Bullying at school

For free and confidential legal advice about this topic, please contact us here.

Bullying is never ok. If you are being bullied by your classmates, you have the right to feel safe and protected. We encourage you to call the Kids Helpline on 1800 55 1800 if you can’t talk to someone face to face. They provide free phone counselling 24 hours a day/7 days a week.  Sometimes there can be a delay in getting through, so we encourage you to keep trying. You can also chat online with someone during certain hours here.

Navigate this page


Bullying is repeated behaviour that:

  • is meant to be hurtful;
  • targets a certain person or group of people; and
  • hurts, threatens or frighten the person being bullied.

Bullying includes:

  • verbal insults like teasing, name-calling, harassing;
  • physical behaviour like hitting, kicking, pushing;
  • “mucking about” that goes too far;
  • cyber-bullying like offensive messages or posts on social media; or
  • anti-social behaviour like exclusion, gossip, spreading rumours or offensive gestures.

Bullying can happen anywhere like at school, in parks, on your way to school or in other places used by the school or online.  

Is bullying illegal?

Bullying can be illegal. It is a crime for someone to:

  • be physically violent towards you;
  • intimidate or threaten to hurt you;
  • stalk you (stalking includes following, watching, or contacting you repeatedly in a way that scares you);
  • damage or steal your things; or
  • harass you because of your race,  gender identity,  sexual preference or disability. You can read more about discrimination here.

It becomes cyber-bullying if they use their mobile or the internet to do any of these to you. It is also a crime to cyber-bully someone. Visit our page on Cyber-bullying here.

Bullying at school

All schools have a responsibility to take reasonable steps to protect the health, safety and wellbeing of their staff and students. This includes taking steps to support students who are being bullied by their peers. This can include being pulled by classmates outside of school hours or off school property e.g. being cyber bullied.  It should have a clear procedure for students to report bullying, and provide support for students who have been affected by bullying. If you go to a public school, this will include having an anti-bullying plan in place to deal with bullying and cyberbullying. You can ask your school about their anti-bullying plan and see what the school is doing to stop bullying from happening.

You can ask your school about their anti-bullying plan and see what the school is doing to stop bullying from happening.

I’m being bullied at school - what can I do about it?

Bullying is not ok and you don’t have to put up with it. You have the right to feel safe. You may be able to solve the problem by just ignoring the bully. But if you feel threatened, or you are being bullied at school or outside school, you tell someone about what is happening to you. Someone at your school should respond to the situation .

Reporting bullying to your school

Lodge a formal complaint with your school

The school has a legal duty to do something about the bullying if it is happening at school. If telling someone is not enough to stop the bully’s behaviour, you can make a formal complaint to the school. Ask your parents or someone you trust to help make the complaint with you, especially if you are scared or worried about it.

Make a complaint to the Department of Education or other governing body

If you’ve complained to the school but they haven‘t done anything, you can make a complaint to the governing body for your school. If you go to a public school, this will be the Department of Education. You can contact the Department of education here. If you go to a private or independent school, contact your school office to find out how you can make a complaint about the school.

Making a report to the police

If someone has been or has threatened to be physically violent to you or sexually harassing you, you can report this to the police.

Seeking protection

Courts are able to make a “Protection Order” to protect you from people who are stalking or bullying you. The exact orders will depend on the individual case, but will determine if they are allowed to contact you (including by phone or on the internet).

You can apply for a Protection Order at your Magistrate Court if you are over 18. If you are under 18, a police officer or your parents will have to apply for you (unless you get special permission from the Court). The police must make an application in order to protect you if they believe you are likely to be harmed or a threat of harm has been made against you. To apply for a personal protection order, you have to fill out a number of forms. You can contact us here if you would like more information about this option.

Taking legal action

In some instances you and your parents can take legal action against the bullies or the school. This is because the school has a “duty of care” to ensure the safety of all its students. In simple terms, this means that the school must ensure that the students are safe from potential harm caused by bullying. But before your parents think about legal action, it is important that they speak to your school first and see if they can sort of the problem at that level.   


Got a question you can't get answered?

If you have a problem or a question, you can send it to us today and we can provide you with free advice, information and referrals to help solve your problem. Just click on the button below.

Get help now

Select Your State or Territory

The law is different in each state and territory. Please select your state or territory to view legal information that applies to you.